A Guide To Understanding The Technical Terms And Definitions Of Internet
Below are basic Internet terms or concepts, which are useful for you to understand more about Internet.
The is a huge network that that consists of millions of global private, government, public, academic etc network, linked by cable, optical fiber satellites or wireless technologies and therefore Internet is known as the network of all the other networks.
The Internet carries very big amount of information resources and services, such as World Wide Web (WWW), e-mail, games, documents, audio, vides etc.
The Internet is now maintained by the major Internet service providers such as Comcast, AT&T and in India BSNL, MTNL etc.
2) WWW (World Wide Web):
Many people think the Internet and the World Wide Web is the same thing. But they're not! The World Wide Web is what you are browsing right now in a browser.
The Hyper Text Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the method or rule used to transfer Web pages to your computer. HTTP defines how messages are formatted and transmitted, and what actions Web servers and browsers should take in response to various commands.
For example, when you type a URL in your browser, this actually sends an HTTP command to the Web server directing it to fetch and transmit the requested Web page.
https is 'Hypertext Transfer Protocol SECURED'. It is the secure version of HTTP and all communications between the browser and the website are encrypted. Banks and other financial related websites use this protocol to keep your information safe.
FTP is File Transfer Protocol. It is used to transfer computer files from one host to another host over a TCP-based network, such as the Internet.
A browser is software that is that is used to access the internet. Browser displays content on the website including Web pages, images, video and other files and you do many activities within them. The most popular web browsers are Google Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, opera and Safari.
URL stands for "Uniform Resource Locator." A URL is the address of a specific Web site or file on the Internet.
URL consists of following part –
http- Hyper Text Transfer Protocol
www- World Wide Web
itkhoj – Domain Name – It is a unique name that identifies a website. A domain name represents an Internet Protocol (IP) resource the website via the Internet.
com – Domain Code
Every domain name has a suffix that indicates which top level domain (TLD) it belongs to. There are many domain codes such as -
com - commercial business
gov - Government agencies
edu - Educational institutions
org - Organizations (nonprofit)
mil - Military
net - Network organizations
in - India
HTML Stands for "Hyper-Text Markup Language." It is the programmatic language that use to create web pages.
HTML consists of a series of short codes typed into a HTML editor like Dreamwewer and Frontpage. This files are then saved as a html file, and viewed through a browser. HTML uses commands called 'HTML tags' that look like the following:
Extensible Markup Language (XML) XML is a markup language much like HTML and it was designed to describe data.
Bandwidth describes the amount of data that can be transmitted over a specific connection in a fixed amount of time. It is maximum data transfer rate of a network or Internet connection. In short more the bandwidth, more the faster data transfer rate and more the speed.
A CAPTCHA is a program that protects websites against bots by generating and grading tests that humans can pass but current computer programs cannot. There are some spam programs which automatically submit comments on blogs, usually for the purpose of raising search engine ranks of some website. CAPTCHA gives the word verification test that only humans can read it and verify it. But any computer generated programs can’t read it and didn’t verify.
A bookmark is a saved link to a Web page that has been added to a list of saved links. Many times you want to return on a page or you have to frequently visit the same page, then you can bookmark these pages and this links are saves in browser. And next time you will be able to quickly get back to it.
Add-ons which are also known as ActiveX controls, browser extension, browser helper objects, or toolbars, can improve your browsing experience on a website by adding additional features web pages can use. Browser extension can help you to work faster, get smarter, and maybe even save time. In short browser extension makes you a smart Internet user.
Encryption is the process of encoding messages or file by scrambling the contents, so that only authorized persons who has the right encryption key can read it. Encryption is the most effective way for data security. For example, if you purchase something from a website, the information for the transaction (such as your address, phone number, and credit card number) is usually encrypted to help keep it safe.
Spamming is the sending of an unsolicited email. What this mean is that in this mails senders email address are hidden, they sent in a bulk to thousands or millions of people, and these are unwanted. Most time spam email are send for commercial advertising, promoting a particular product, service or a scam to get other people's money.
Phishing is a technique used to steal or gain your personal information to attempt a fraud. Phishing is usually made through email which appear to come from well known and trustworthy Web sites like banks, eBay, Paypal. Because these e-mails look so official, many innocent recipients may respond to them, resulting in financial losses, identity theft and other fraudulent activity against them.