Your PC is everything for you. You use it for an entertainment, play games, watching videos and at the same time you work hard and stores important data on it. This data may be your office work files, reports, personal information; various documents related to financial, also there are your memorable photographs, music and videos. All these data is stores on our PC and many users are not aware that this data may be public. So unless you have properly protected your personal data on system, this data may be stolen or lost.
You are responsible for the security of your personal data, then why take a risk? Protect your all-important user data from loss and/or unauthorized access. Precaution is better than cure and here are ways you can keep your personal data safe-
1) Protect Your Computer:
Protecting your personal computer can help reduce your risk of identity theft. If you are storing sensitive data on your personally owned computer, please meet the minimum expectations below.
i) Lock Up Your PC:
Always set a strong password for access to your computer.
ii) Use Security Software:
Install anti-virus software, anti-spyware software, and a firewall. Set your preference to update these protections often. To protect your data stored on your computer you can use a firewall and install good anti-virus software, anti-spyware software.
You may not need to buy security software. In Windows there is build in Windows Defender for security purpose and it is doing best job. You can buy anti virus sotware, it you have more sensitive data on computer. Otherwise you can download free antivirus tools from the internet that provide a good level of protection. For best and free antivirus list click here. (http://iteguru.com/sec5.html). Always update these protection softwares and set up to make scheduled scans of your computer.
The firewall will increase the chances of preventing any unwanted intrusions getting onto your computer, as well as giving you the option to control what programs are allowed to access the Internet.
2) Encrypt Your Sensitive Data:
Windows BitLocker Drive Encryption is a security feature that provides better data protection for your computer, by encrypting all data stored on the Windows operating system volume and removable devices.But BitLocker is available on the Ultimate and Enterprise editions of Windows Vista and Windows 7, the Pro and Enterprise editions of Windows 8 and later.
3) Often back up important data:
The most important step to protect your important data is to take data backup regularly. You can use the backup utility to perform basic backups and Robocopy is best for this. For more information on Robocopy click here. There are also many third-party backup programs that can offer backup option.
Whatever program you use, it's important to store a copy of your backup on to a external or removable hard disk drive, network drive or even on the cloud.
4) Password protect a document:
In Microsoft Office, You can protect a document by using a password to help prevent unauthorized access and prevent other people from opening or modifying your documents, workbooks, and presentations.
- In Microsoft Office 2010 - Click the Microsoft Office Button, and then click Save As.
- Click Tools, and then click General Options.
- Type a password in the Password to open box.
- Click OK when completed & click the Save button.
5) Make a password protected Zip file:
You can also use zip software such as WinZip or 7-zip to compress and encrypt documents. Combine several files into a single folder and them compress this folder with a password. Encryption is applied to files that are being zipped and this encryption is added after compression.
- In a Windows Explorer folder window
- Right click on the Zip file in a folder window
- Choose WinZip or 7-zip
- Click Encrypt or set password
But keep in mind that without the password you can't unzip, read, or open the files in the folder but you can see what the files are.
6) Secure wireless network:
With traditional wired networks, it is extremely difficult for someone to steal your personal information, but WiFi network is always on hackers target, because they don’t need physical access to the network.
You need to encrypt your wireless signals with WEP, WPA (WPA-Personal), and WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access version 2). For more information how to protect your WiFi, see my previous post. (http://iteguru.com/sec9.html)
7) Remove your personal data before you recycle or sold your old computer:
Your PC contains important information including from your personal address book to photos, videos and documents. You must erase it completely before going to sell or recycle. Be alert that your data can be retrieve easily through various app available online, if you only delete your data.
How do you keep your data secure? Tell us in the comments.