It is easier to set up a wireless network. But before you start using it make sure your network is secure from trespasser. There are many things may happen if someone hack your WiFi like decrease your Internet speed, increase bill, possibility of theft your data, or they may use your Internet for any terrorist activity.
Common home users thinks that making WiFi secure is very hard. But I want to tell you that there are few steps and you can prevent stealing your Internet and prevent hackers.
Login to your wireless router :
First login to your router by typing routers IP address in Browser. Usually most router has 192.168.1.1 IP address. If this is not router’s IP address then to find –
Go to Start – Run – cmd and press Enter.
A command prompt window will open. Type hare ipconfig /all and press Enter.
In front of Default Gateway you can find the routers IP address.
Login with the username and password.
(Generally most router has default username is admin and password is admin or password.)
Set the router access password
If the router's password is still set to the default password, it is important to change this password immediately. The best way is to set strong password instead of your mobile number or name. If you forget the password, most routers have a hardware reset button that will restore all of the settings to factory defaults by pressing it for a while.
Enable Network Encryption :
You need to encrypt your wireless signals to prevent others from using your internet connection. The two major types of wireless encryption are listed below -
a) WEP – This is a basic encryption but still most commonly used. It is least secure can be cracked in a few minutes by serious hackers or using free utilities that can be downloaded from the Internet.
b) WPA2 (Wi-Fi Protected Access version 2) –
WPA2 is much more secure than WEP but is only compatible with hardware which is manufactured from 2006.
To set WEP, WPA or WPA2 go to the Security which is under Wireless Option.
Here select Security Mode which you want.
Then select strong password.
Enable MAC Filtering :
This is probably the easiest way to keep trespasser away from your wireless network. In router’s administrative settings, you can add MAC address of all the devices you want to connect to WiFi. Then only those devices whose MAC address you put in to this list will be able to use your WiFi.
As MAC filtering process is depends upon device manufactures. It may be in security settings or in Wireless tab.
Add your MAC address list here and save.
In many routers it is IP & MAC Binding.
Hide your network ID:
A router broadcasts its SSID(Service Set Identifier) to anyone within range. An SSID is a unique ID that consists of 32 characters and is used for naming wireless networks. Don’t use your or any family members name, mobile number or other personal information in the SSID name.
You can also hide wireless network in routers setting by disabling the 'SSID Broadcast' feature. But it is easy to find your hidden wireless network.